The next factor to consider is how you are going to be harnessing the solar power that your kit generates, as there are 2 options. The first is with a grid-tied system that takes your excess electricity that has been generated and feeds it back into the electrical grid. If you live in a state with net metering, you will receive credit for this power to reduce your utility bill. This option is a better fit for the full-size home systems that have grid access.
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Hybrid Solar Wind; Combining Wind Turbines with Solar Panels - Installing solar panels to generate electricity an ideal way to create power using the sun's energy. However, once the sun sets you're left drawing power from a battery bank. By using a combination of a small wind turbine and solar panels (Hybrid Solar Wind), it should be possible to generate sufficient electricity to power your home or cabin day and night. When the sun goes down, your solar panels lose their effectiveness, but your wind turbine keeps turning even on those overcast days.
Even in my neighborhood in a small town, where once nice homes are now rentals, I have noticed by flying kites that there are very specific 'wind tunnels' in my back yard, on the side of my house (between properties) and around the corners of my house. I think putting vertical spiraled panels at each corner of my house from ground to roof, along with a horizontal turbine in the middle of my backyard between the trees where there is a permanent opening would provide alot of wind power. I also think each each person needs to start testing the winds that belong to their house every month of the year with kites: big ones, little ones, heavy and light ones. If you have kids, dogs, or especially Kitty cats, you will have a blast doing your "wind study". I sure did. I had a yard full of cats grabbing kite tails and running off with them! I found optimal wind lift at 15 feet in some areas. It has alot to do with the building that has taken place around you, and the very specific currents produced from that design. It's likje your very own wind footprint.
Net metering programs are designed to allow the electric meters of customers with generating facilities to "turn backwards" when their generators are producing more energy than the customers' demand. Net metering allows customers to use their generation to offset their consumption over the entire billing period, not just instantaneously. This offset would enable customers with generating facilities to receive retail prices for more of the electricity they generate.[35]

Most small wind turbines do not perform quite as well as their manufacturers want you to believe. That should come as no surprise at this point. What may be surprising is that even the turbines of the more honourable manufacturers that are honest about performance fall short, more often than not. The likely cause is turbulence and improper site selection.
The fun part of this for me has always been the physics. Ever since I learned how much energy the Sun shines onto our planet’s surface (about 16,000 times more energy than all of humanity consumes, even with our current bloated habits), I have been certain that a mostly-solar-electric world was inevitable. The only obstructions were human inertia and politics, which are temporary. Physics is forever.
MMM roasted the guy who criticized the friends-helped-me-do-this comment, but I think this deserves it more. Vorlic seems to be making passive-complainy-pants excuses for putting off some project (in this case solar panel evaluation/installation). The information you seek is out there right now, you can go get it yourself and do the math now, no need to wait 2 years.
Before you go searching for websites that sell solar kits the first thing you should do is get at least one quote from a full-service solar company. You can do that online through our solar panels estimator. The advantages of this are that you find out what the cost of the competing option to a DIY solar project (a full-service installation) costs. You need to know this to know whether all the individual costs you face when doing a DIY installation (panels, inverters, racking, electrical sundries, service board upgrades, installation labor, permitting and inspections) are actually worth it. Click here to learn how much a solar installation for your home will cost.
The second technology is concentrating solar power, or CSP. It is used primarily in very large power plants and is not appropriate for residential use. This technology uses mirrors to reflect and concentrate sunlight onto receivers that collect solar energy and convert it to heat, which can then be used to produce electricity. Learn more about how CSP works.

I would recommend micro-inverters on each panel if shading is an issue. That way only the panel with shade will suffer from power degradation as opposed to the entire array suffering when using a single inverter. They also give you ability to monitor each panel on-line for performance/issues etc. Makes troubleshooting a breeze. Also when factoring in future performance don’t forget to include panel power degradation. After roughly 20 years you should still be seeing at least 80% output from the panels themselves though, so not a huge issue.
Should you lease your panels? Solar leasing is available in about half the states. The company installs solar panels for you in exchange for letting it collect your government incentives. Much like leasing a car, you don’t pay much, if anything, upfront, but you pay the company a monthly rent for as long as 20 years. Problem is, when those years are over, you don’t own anything. Either the company will remove the solar panels or you still have to buy them. A PPA or “power purchase agreement” is similar to a solar lease, only instead of paying rent, you agree to pay for the power the company’s panels produce.
A word of warning to anyone investing in solar: pay the extra money up front to get ‘critter guard’ installed around the base of the panels. Critter guard is a simple metal mesh that goes around the panel perimeter between the panels and the roof. If you fail to invest in critter guard, you may suffer the same fate as I did, namely that squirrels will squeeze into the gap under the panels and build nests there. This is problematic because squirrels love to chew on things, and will particularly enjoy stripping the wires between the panels and the inverter. I just got this problem fixed late last month; all told, I lost a few months of production on my panels (albeit in the Toronto winter), plus the additional costs to replace the wire, labour, etc. The cost of critter guard is negligible next to the cost of the rest of the setup, but it’s a worthwhile investment. Learn from my mistake!

We put in our home wind turbines in the fall and started making power. Then, Congress passed the bailout bill this fall, it added a 30% tax credit for small-wind projects. So, our investment qualifies for a tax credit there. Additionally our electricity company announced electricity rate hikes of 15% for each of next three years. That's about 50% alltogether. Electricity costs, rising sharply but with LED Bulbs and ...


Electricity runs through your net meter, makes itself comfortable in your home, and powers your appliances. It works just like your electricity does now—you don’t have to change a thing. If your solar panels don’t produce enough energy to cover all of your needs, don’t worry. You’re still connected to traditional power companies via the grid, so you can automatically draw more energy from your utility when you need. What happens if you produce more power than you use? Let’s find out.

If you look at it another way….At that price, the solar panels were free. Because of the performance warranties and long life of the panels, the solar equipment may take 20-30 years to depreciate. Basically you have converted cash into home equity. You will most likely recoup that $3900 when you sell your property in the future especially as the price of energy goes up….so does the value of your solar system. The solar panels are more like a monthly dividend. Some months are better than others.
Although solar battery backups are outside of the scope of this article, I find it necessary to at least mention them and why they are useful. First, battery backups are good in the event of a blackout. Unfortunately, your solar panels will not power your home if the lights shut off. This is to prevent your system from frying a lineman who's repairing the grid. A battery blackout will let you keep your refrigerator running while the power's out. Second, if you are running an off-grid system, you'll need the batteries when the sun's not shining.
This depends on the size of the panel and the amount of sunlight it receives at your location which is called solar irradiance. A 260 watt panel receiving five hours of good sunlight per day generates 1,300 watt-hours*, or 1.3Kw, of electricity. (*STC = "Standard Test Conditions" Definition) To put that into context, the average U.S. off-grid household uses about 10 - 15Kw per day. Homeowners usually install several panels, depending on the amount of their off-grid daily energy budget.
Since you are working hard to read this rather lengthy article, here is some entertainment. The ‘intermission’ if you like. So, put your feet up and enjoy the next picture: It’s a prime example of much that is wrong with the small wind world. The fact that an installer would even consider installing in a place like that. Customers that are too uninformed to know better (and their installer clearly is not interested in educating them). Turbine manufacturers that deliver standard towers that are much too short to be effective; this tower plus turbine is just 23 feet tall! Then there is the claim by the manufacturer (dutifully parroted by the installer) that this turbine will offset “up to 30%” of their electricity bill. The last one is not really a lie I suppose: If in reality it offsets just 2% of the owners bill, technically that still falls within that “up to 30%”…
Most people don't think in terms of particles, but light actually hits the PV (photovoltaic) cells as photons. As each photon hits the PV cell, it gives up an electron. While this is putting it somewhat simplistically, this is, indeed, the moment of conversion. The freed electron is absorbed by the silicon where it flows with other electrons into current; hence, electricity is born. Some scientists would say that the real tricky part is enhancing the cell with an electrical field to get all these electrons in line to flow as a current in the required direction: enter silicon.
These are just little flat boxes that you connect to the top of each pair of rails, about 6″ from the eventual right edge of each solar panel. There’s one optimizer for each panel, and it acts like a babysitter – monitoring output from the panel, compensating for voltage changes when necessary (such as when shade hits that panel). You’ll notice that each optimizer has four wires protruding from it, and there’s one optimizer for each panel. This will make sense in the next step.
You need to make sure that all the tiny little lines in the negative side of the cells are interconnected (a way to gather all the electrons from the surface). This step is not necessary for all cells, only for the ones like in this picture, which don't have any connection between the lines on the surface. you can use the conductive pen to draw a thin line which connects all of them. Once you do that, you will immediately see the voltage rising for that specific cell.
The downside is the rising costs of wind machines. One would normally expect prices to go down as technology became more advanced and available, but statistics show that turbine prices have increased more than 70% for land-based turbines and almost 50% for offshore wind turbines. The price hike has made offshore wind turbines cost a half and three million dollars per megawatt of capacity, and land based turbines, two million dollars per MW.
This is a well-built solar kit from Renogy, and it is capable in many different scenarios, from being installed on top of an RV or trailer, to being installed as part of a larger solar array, the Renogy 100 watt Solar Starter Kit is a solid choice. The panel is made from monocrystalline, which is a more efficient material than polycrystalline (smaller and lighter). This is because the yield of silicone is greater and of a more pure consistency on the mono panels as opposed to the poly panels. The kit comes with a charge controller, called the Renogy Wanderer, meaning that you can expand your installation up to 400w, or 4 panels at a later stage when you decide to increase your solar capacity. Some consumers have complained about the quality of the controller, but the company has recently upgraded the controller – the Wander is a good value and works for most people.
It will take a lot of your time researching the components of residential solar energy systems, equipment needed, what the equipment does, calling roofers to see if your roof can handle the weight of solar panels, calling engineers to determine the best positioning of your solar panels, calling an electrician to install the system, calling the utility company to assess the safety of connecting your solar system to the grid, and the list goes on. With a cost savings of about 10% – and that’s just monetary savings. . .what about your valuable time – hiring professionals might be more logical.
If a solar professional determines that your roof is not suitable for solar, or you don’t own your home, you can still benefit from solar energy. Community solar allows multiple people to benefit from a single, shared solar array that can be installed on- or off-site. Costs associated with purchasing and installing a solar energy system are divided among all of the participants, who are able to buy into the shared system at a level that best fits their budget. Learn more about community solar.

In the spirit of self-reliance and ecological responsibility, wind farms and wind generators have become an increasingly logical option for energy. The wind generator kits available are a huge step in that direction. Wind generators create and provide energy by harnessing an inexhaustible, renewable resource: the wind. There is a large inventory of wind generator kits available on eBay. The basic components of a wind generator kit include the wind turbine, the blades and hub, and the tail. There are many additional choices to consider with your wind generator such as tower height and length, amount and size of blades, and power translating efficiency. Wind/solar hybrid designs, tail extensions, and other customizable options and add-ons are also available, depending on your wants and needs. You can even add decorative details with a colored or American flag emblazoned tail. Alternative energy is becoming a more popular choice for people willing to invest in both the wind generator as well as the path to non-polluting energy it is forging.


Wire size and breakers are the final items in your hybrid solar wind design to consider, but no less important. To have a safe off-grid system, you will need to install breakers and choose the right size wire. If you select one of our pre-wired power systems with your kit, we do all the heavy lifting for you because right size breakers are pre-engineered and pre-wired into each of our power centers. You simply have to hang and connect it following our wire diagram which is supplied with all our kits. It is no accident you will only find Midnite Solar and OutBack combiner boxes built into our off-grid systems. They are reliable, UL listed and simple to install.
Our company takes on the challenge of helping independent minded people, create their own energy. With each package or kit, you get assigned a System Integrator. Your personal Solar Consultant will be a phone call away ready to provide you with after the sale polished technical advice on the design and execution of your installation. One person to call who intimately knows your system and coordinates all the activities related to your purchase. This personalized advice is one of the services that receives the most recognition from our customers.
Check out this Brand New 800 Watt Wind Turbine Generator! The wind power generator is an equipment to convert wind energy into electric power which is changed into storage battery group. Call 1-866-606-3991 for more information. Purchase This WM900 Wind Turbine Generator 24V Today! Limited Quantities Available! Call 1-866-606-3991. Purchase This WM900 Wind Turbine Generator 12V Today! Limited Quantities Available! Call 1-866-606-3991.
In addition to zoning issues, your neighbors might object to a wind turbine that blocks their view, or they might be concerned about the sound it produces. Most zoning and aesthetic concerns can be addressed by supplying objective data. For example, a typical 2-kilowatt wind turbine operates at a noise level of approximately 55 dB 50 feet away from the hub of the turbine.[10] At that level, the sound of the wind turbine can be picked out of surrounding noise if a conscious effort is made to hear it.

You need to make sure that all the tiny little lines in the negative side of the cells are interconnected (a way to gather all the electrons from the surface). This step is not necessary for all cells, only for the ones like in this picture, which don't have any connection between the lines on the surface. you can use the conductive pen to draw a thin line which connects all of them. Once you do that, you will immediately see the voltage rising for that specific cell.
These small wind turbines are perfect for someone who wants to experiment with wind energy or for a small cabin system. Comes complete with 20 feet of wire, ring terminals to go to your 12V battery and everything else you need to build your turbine. Starts charging at wind speeds of about 15 mph. Blocking diode is installed and no charge controller is required. Designed for medium wind speed areas. We can not accept returns for turbines damaged by high wind speeds. Output max. 2.25 amps @ max. 25V. Optimum wind speed: 15 mph
I don’t think people have fully realized the consequences of prices this low. Price per kWh installed could (with appropriate automation) reach under 1 cent per kWh over 25 years (the cells themselves accounting for just a quarter of this), meaning you can install enough solar panels to still provide electricity on cloudy days and with battery backing during nighttime while still being cheaper than fossil fuels.
I hear you Kyle – the first time I tried to apply for a solar permit (for my own studio, a year earlier), the city was giving me that nonsense about the structural stamp. It was total bullshit, as the panels are only 40 pounds each spread over 15 square feet, and the roof was ridiculously strong as per the approved plans I used to build that same structure!

"I did a lot of research and Wholesale Solar kept coming up with the best reviews, plus local people that had worked with Wholesale Solar previously raved about them. I was paired up with Cheyenne as my contact. She ALWAYS treated me with respect and patiently answered all my questions (treated me with customer service rarely found in today’s world)."
Thanks for the write up. Very interesting. Being concerned about the carbon output as well, has there been any research into the CO2 produced in the production of the material being installed? I was really convicted about this concern when I started considering the CO2 given off by things like spray foam on building projects I have done in the past.

First, you’ll need some wood to attach the solar cells to called the substrate.  You can use whatever you have laying around like cheap fiberboard.  Make a 3×6 inch template with a piece of paper and draw out where you cells will lay on the substrate.  After you have things drawn out the way your want, cut the substrate with a little room around the edges.

For a start, it is completely dependent on the consistency of wind. If you live in a place where average wind speeds are not high, then installing a wind turbine would be completely impractical and a total waste of money. Actually, that means wind energy is not a feasible energy source for most of us. Take a look at the map below that gives the average wind speeds across the entire country at 80m in height. If you live in a green area then you should forget about it right now (unless you live on a raised area). You can get all this information from the NOAA website.

Also, HQST sends you a little pamphlet with these panels, offering you a free 2W/6V solar panel, in return for you leaving a review. While this is the reason I am writing this review (I usually don't bother leaving reviews for anything), it in no way influenced my review. These panels are well constructed and very efficient, I don't think you can beat them for the price.


Wind turbines need wind to produce energy. That message seems lost, not only on most small wind turbine owners, but also on many manufacturers and installers of said devices. One of the world’s largest manufacturers of small wind turbines, located in the USA (now bankrupt by the way, though their turbines are still sold), markets their flag-ship machine with a 12 meter (36 feet) tower. Their dealers are trained to tell you it will produce 60% of your electricity bill. If you are one of those that is convinced the earth is flat, this is the turbine for you!


Solar panel conversion efficiency, typically in the 20% range, is reduced by dust, grime, pollen, and other particulates that accumulate on the solar panel. "A dirty solar panel can reduce its power capabilities by up to 30% in high dust/pollen or desert areas", says Seamus Curran, associate professor of physics at the University of Houston and director of the Institute for NanoEnergy, which specializes in the design, engineering, and assembly of nanostructures.[27]
Step 3: Estimate your battery capacity. We need to factor in bad weather, so we will multiply your daily electricity usage by 2 days as a safety measure in case we don’t have enough sun to charge our batteries. Because we don’t ever want our batteries to discharge below 50%, we will then multiply this number by 2. So your daily electricity usage is 1,475 x 2 days x 2 (50% capacity) =  5,900Whs.
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